Last update : 25.06.2022



The thesis of the minister of Justice Ruslanbek Davletov's main thoughts on the podcast on the telegram channel @huquqiy gap

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The thesis of the minister of Justice Ruslanbek Davletov's main thoughts on the podcast on the telegram channel @huquqiy gap

 


What issues should be addressed in the field of Public Administration in Uzbekistan?

First, we said that the state bodies should be compact. What does this mean?

Each body needs a system in which it performs the task assigned to it, whose functions are not repeated, each employee of the state body performs only the work assigned to him, and then receives monthly. The number of bodies is also important.

The photo of members of the Swiss government turns a lot in social networks. It is believed that 8 ministers were photographed in it and this represents the compactness of the Swiss government. In fact, they have more than 70 state bodies. That is, it is vertical. For example, the minister of Environment, transport and energy is one, the Ministry of Defense and sports, the Ministry of Economy, Science and education is one. Several areas are attached to each ministry, and it is given to the hands of portfolio ministers. That is, to the extent that it appears in the photo, the government is not compact. But in social networks, the photo is not in vain-it's a signal! That is, we still have to work hard on compaction.

We analyzed the activities of inspections. Many activities are not transparent. For example, 4 state bodies are responsible for one Construction Sector, 8 state bodies for the quality of products. In this case, the result will not be good, but, on the contrary, will worsen. Each body makes its own requirements and pursues its own result. Therefore, it is necessary to consider the issue of optimization of these bodies.

Secondly, it is necessary to work on the principle of “one state body for one direction”. When a citizen applies to the state body for a particular issue, the body must be able to see, cover and solve all aspects of this issue.

The size of the administrative apparatus affects everything. Here the taxpayer's money is being used. If there is no rational expenditure of resources, the effect of actions will be reduced.

Third, further development of the policy of decentralization. Previously, if you remember, for the establishment of only one pharmacy or educational center, it was also necessary to come to the center from the regions and get permission. At the moment it has been eradicated. But anyway centralization is still strong. It is necessary to give responsibility to the territories themselves. That is, the issues related to the life of the population of a certain territory should be resolved in the same place itself. We need a lot of proper decentralization.

From the four, the involvement of public authorities and civil servants in work other than their functional duties. That is, mobilizing the resources of one industry to another industry will never justify itself. Short-term outcome that will lead to miss prospect. As an example, agriculture can be cited: when training, authorities, employees of state bodies are involved in the cultivation of cotton, their work is left, as a result of which the problems related to this area increase and it becomes more difficult and more expensive to solve them.

Fifth, the issue of labor productivity. Effective use of working time is topical. As a civil servant, we receive monthly from the budget, that is, from taxes paid by the people. We get a certain amount of salary for each of our hours. So we have to make productive use of working time. One scientist said:”he does not know the value of the minute, he does not appreciate both the hour and the day, and the year." In the private sector, business has already begun to use it, because when an entrepreneur pays for an employee's hour, he wants to devote the hour to a full-time job, and this is a legal requirement.

The head of state gave instructions to reduce meetings in state organizations. But in some organizations, it has become a tool to show that meetings are working. Or go to pilaf at work, celebrate birthdays, organize various eventstirishga will go at least 2 hours. People are paying for these hours. This is a betrayal of the original people's property. We should work more by talking less.

Which is the best remedy against corruption?

Many say the death penalty. If you see the legislation of states with a high rule of law and a low level of corruption, there is no death penalty in any of them. They achieved these results by modern, cultural methods. All gives an example of Singapore.The highest prison term for corruption in Singapore is defined as 7 years. At US 15 years, but the indicator of corruption is high. It turns out that the sentence is in inevitability, and not in the genitive case. The punishment should be equally inevitable for large and small fish.

Can raising the monthly be a measure? Partial, but not absolute. This can reduce the rate of corruption. But dishonest does not work in relation to employees. Lee Kuan Yu says:”if I give many month deciever ever employees, they will not deceiver in taking many months." Therefore, along with the increase in monthly, it is necessary to analyze the working processes and carry out strict cleaning work.

For example, in the notarial industry, we, along with increasing monthly, put the demand tight, that is, we conducted “aggressive personnel policy”. These figurative words mean "necessarily remove the head".

In particular, the FHDYO system passed to us from the authorities, we made the attestation transparent so that even 50 percent of employees in some regions could not pass the attestation. Many scorn protests in the process were against us, but we stood firm in our principles of system cleaning or not. It is better that the same place is empty than the non-working employee. We went the same way in the notary, in the field of public services.

Many say corruption retreats when we teach honestly haromni when we teach religiously. But when we see states that pour religious education into their brains from birth, the consequences of their fight against corruption are not enviable. We studied it, analyzed it, attracted religious preachers, they gave lectures. This also affects a certain sequence, a certain process.

Also, culture and national mentalism also affect corruption. We can not deny the negative impact of such factors as seed-aymakism, localization, traybalism. So, if there are habits that negatively affect our development, it is necessary to abandon them. Here are the habits of weddings the people themselves criticize, people themselves are dissatisfied with these customs. In China, too, politicians recognize that there is an informal relationship between prosecutors, judges and solicitors, and generally prohibit personal relations for those people. So he recognized the problem and was so shocked.

Therefore, it is wrong to say that a single concrete method is effective in the fight against corruption. The government should work on this issue institutional, systematic and gender-friendly, large sociological studies to be done, institutions. That is, it is important that the problem is solved with a scientific approach.

Social Security Policy: What is the problem?

When the system of justice goes to the on-site reception, people ask for social assistance in their problems. We are not the Ministry of social protection, we are not engaged in social assistance. We can provide legal clarification so that we can help by attracting sponsors to some of them as much as we can. It is not possible to finish them with a single-bit solution and achieve an effect. Here are the fundamental issues.

Let's take it, people try to close the roof of the house, to the operation, to the children to the clothes, etc. they appeal to the authorities asking for money. For example, the official makes a piar in the social network that he helps a patient with heart failure, after all he praises it. But if we look deeper, then in the Republic, let's say, 20 thousand children with heart failure live. Are they Citizens? What other diseases? That is, social assistance should not be solved depending on the feelings, mood or compassion of the officials. Or, whoever is more zealous, takes his issue to the social network, then the system of social assistance will not develop as long as they are helped. He will not reach his destination and will become a victim of the human factor.

The fact is that local budget money should be distributed openly and transparently on the basis of clear regulation. The system should work on the basis of clear criteria, the amount and scope of assistance should be clear, it should be clear what, how and where a Citizen can ask and demand from the state. Then everyone will understand what he can achieve as he demands, there will be stability, and the legal framework will work, that is, social protection should be carried out within the limits and scope of the state's social policy.

On the issue of legal knowledge and propaganda

A person can not know all the rights, he should not demand it from him. True, today the legal awareness of our people has increased significantly. But not everyone can be called to teach and learn the law at all. Relations with the state of citizens abroad are comfortable, corruption and bureaucracy are lacking, the laws also work well. Do they know all the laws by heart? Of course not. State bodies work exactly like clockwork, according to the law! Is it easy to raise the legal consciousness of thirty-five million people or are several thousand people working in the civil service? Hence, the main emphasis should be placed on increasing the legal awareness and culture of civil servants.

In order to increase the legal culture in the masses, it is necessary to raise the level of general literacy and culture. We must highly assess the importance of the school. The main and important process in the original society should be in school or around the school, because the education of the nation will be in the school. In particular, it is desirable to give the basis of legal knowledge in the school.