Last update : 18.11.2019



History of the Ministry

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Formation of the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan and stages of its development

The People's Commissariat of Justice of Uzbekistan was established on November 26, 1924 by the decision of the Revolutionary Committee on the basis of the People's Commissariat of Justice of the Turkestan Autonomous Republic. One of its most important tasks was to coordinate and systematize the activities of the justice bodies in the territory of the former states that were parts of Uzbekistan, the Bukhara Emirate, Khorezm and Kokand Khanates.

On May 6, 1925 the Presidium of the CEC {Central Executive Committee} of the Council of Uzbekistan approved the Regulation on the People's Commissariat of Justice (hereinafter referred to as “PCJ”), which determined its structure and competence. According to Art. 1, the PCJ was entrusted with: general management, organization and instruction of all judicial institutions, prosecutors, investigative bodies, notaries and bailiffs, the establishment of judicial officers in posts; monitoring of the activities of land commissions and other institutions with judicial functions; monitoring of the activities of the college of defenders and organization of legal assistance to the public; consideration of disputable issues on the delineation of the competence of the bodies of justice, on the one hand, and bodies of other departments, on the other; preliminary consideration of all legislative proposals submitted to the CEC of Uzbekistan and the Council of People's Commissars; control over the observance of the rule of law; the interpretation of existing laws, the publication of collections of legislation and orders of the government of the republic, etc.

The People's Commissariat of Justice consisted of three main departments: the judiciary and supervision, the prosecutor's office, and the department of legislative proposals. The People's Commissar of Justice was simultaneously considered the State Prosecutor of the republic, appointed and dismissed by the Central Executive Committee on the recommendation of the Council of People’s Commissars (hereinafter referred to as “CPC”) of the Uzbek SSR.

On December 22, 1926 the Statute of the People's Commissariat of Justice of Uzbekistan was amended and supplemented, and on October 11, 1931, it was replaced by a new one, which was repeatedly changed in subsequent years due to a change in the structure and functions of the judicial and prosecutorial bodies.

In the early 30s the People's Commissariat of Justice of the Republic consisted of the Prosecutor's Office, the Supreme Court, the Organizational and Instructor Department, the Main Directorate of Correctional Labor Institutions and the General Department. The People's Commissar of Justice had deputies in the face of the Republic's Prosecutor, the chairman of the Supreme Court and the head of the Main Directorate of Correctional Labor Institutions.

The PCJ was engaged in carrying out a single judicial policy on the territory of the Republic; the organization and general management of the activities of all justice bodies; the overseeing of legality of the actions of officials and individuals. It supervised the activities of all investigative bodies in the field of studying crime, combating crime, and methods of combating it. The competence of the People's Commissariat of Justice included supervision of special judicial institutions, as well as supervision of all corrective labor practices in the republic, and so on.

The Prosecutor's Office was part of the Ministry of Justice of Uzbekistan until 1936. Under the jurisdiction of the People's Commissariats of Justice of the Union Republics, the correctional labor institutions moved, according to the decision of the Central Executive Committee and the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR of October 27 1934, to the introduction of the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs of the USSR (hereinafter referred to as “PCIA”) and its local bodies. On September 10, 1934, the CEC and CPC of the Uzbek SSR adopted a resolution "On the reorganization and strengthening of the organs of the court and the prosecutor's office", which somewhat changed the structure of the People's Commissariat of Justice, the Prosecutor's Office and the Supreme Court of Uzbekistan. Thereafter, the PCJ consisted of the Prosecutor's Office, the Supreme Court of the Republic and the Departments.

The final act of establishing a centralized judicial and prosecutorial system was the decision of the CEC and PCJ of the USSR of July 20, 1936 "On the formation of the People's Commissariat of Justice of the USSR". On December 8, 1936, the CEC and PCJ of the USSR approved the Statute on the People's Commissariat of Justice of the USSR. The Supreme Court of Uzbekistan was released from the functions of the judiciary; it became only the supreme supervisory authority of the republic.

From the jurisdiction of the People's Commissariats of Justice of the Union Republics, all prosecutorial and investigative bodies were seized. The Union-Republican People's Commissariat of Justice of the USSR was entrusted with the organization and management of the activities of judicial institutions.

The Statute also defined the structure of the People's Commissariat of Justice of Uzbekistan, headed by the People's Commissar, who had two deputies. In the structure of the PCJ of the Uzbek SSR, the departments of judicial institutions, the department of judicial protection and legal assistance to the population, the notary sector, the department for the codification of legislation of the Uzbek SSR, legal advice, etc. were also formed. Apart from that, the PCJ of the republic supervised and monitored the activity of judicial executors, organized and conducted judicial statistics.

During the World War II, there were no significant changes in the structure of the justice bodies. The network of Justice Bodies of the Republic remained stable, although in some parts, it underwent adjustments related to the change in the administrative-territorial division of the Republic, the peculiarities of wartime.

In accordance with the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Uzbek SSR of August 7, 1956 "On the abolition of the directorates of the Ministry of Justice of the Uzbek SSR under the Regional Councils of Deputies of Workers", the Council of Ministers of the Uzbek SSR approved, on November 6, 1956, a new Regulation on the Ministry of Justice of the Republic. According to the new Regulation, the Ministry of Justice of the Uzbek SSR was directly subordinate to the Council of Ministers of the Republic. The ministry had a board composed of the minister, his deputies and several senior officials, who considered the issues of practical management of the activities of judicial institutions and justice bodies, the verification of execution, selection of personnel, preparation of the most important orders, instructions, etc.

On March 23, 1959 the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Uzbek SSR abolished the Ministry of Justice of the Republic in order to "concentrate control over the activities of the regional and people's courts". The right to conduct an audit over the regional and people's courts, exercise control over all their activities, and the duty to conduct judicial statistics passed to the Supreme Court of the Uzbek SSR. As a result of such reorganization, higher-level courts began to act as judicial authorities.

By the decree of the Council of Ministers of the Republic on March 27, 1959 at last, the Law Commission was established, which was entrusted with the task of codifying, systematizing, and drafting legislation on behalf of the government and the preliminary consideration of draft legislative acts and government decisions on normative matters submitted to the Council of Ministers.

However, subsequent events showed that this approach was erroneous, and the result of a voluntary approach to the practice of state building. As a result, the quality of legislative drafting was damaged. It negatively affected the existing reorganization and the legal professionals. In this regard, the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR issued a decree on August 31, 1970 "On the formation of the Union-Republican Ministry of Justice of the USSR."

In accordance with it, on October 1, 1970 the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Uzbek SSR issued a decree "On the formation of the Union Republican Ministry of Justice of the Uzbek SSR." The Regulation on the abovementioned Ministry was approved by the resolution of the Council of Ministers of the SSR on September 27, 1972. The Ministry of Justice provided the organizational governance of the Supreme Court of Karakalpakstan Autonomous Republic, regions, Tashkent City, district (city) peoples’ courts; worked on the systematization and preparation of proposals for the codification of legislation of the Uzbek SSR; carried out a methodical management of legal work in the national economy, the guidance and coordination of the work of government bodies and public organizations to promote legal knowledge and explain the law among the population, the governance of the notary, the Tashkent Research Institute of Forensic Science, as well as the general management of the activities of civil registration bodies and the legal profession of the Uzbek SSR.

In the 70-80s significant changes in the structure and competence of the governing bodies of justice did not take place. The Ministry of Justice of the Uzbek SSR carried out the organizational support of the courts in the course of which considered the problems of formation of the judiciary, selection, placement and training of personnel of judicial authorities and courts, creation of favorable conditions for the implementation of justice by the courts, organized the accountability of judges and people’s assessors before the electorate, conducted the overall review of the organization of work in district, city and regional courts, bodies and institutions of justice.

During these years, the Ministry of Justice, its local bodies, in coordination with other law enforcement agencies, studied the jurisprudence in certain categories of criminal cases and took measures to remedy the shortcomings. In particular, it summarized the judicial practice in the cases of embezzlement, bribery and speculation, violation of traffic-safety rules, judicial and prosecutorial practice in the cases of the release of property from arrest (exclusion from the inventory), checked the operation of law enforcement agencies in the fight against theft of state and public property; post-signals and speculation, the state of work of administrative and financial bodies on compensation of material damage in the cases of embezzlement of state property, etc., was studied.

The Chamber of the Ministry of Justice has repeatedly discussed the work of legal services, ministries, departments, organizations and enterprises on the observance of the legislation on labor protection for women and minors. At the center of attention of the Ministry, judicial bodies and courts of the Republic, there were problems of effective use of legal means in the prevention of violations of the rights and legitimate interests of citizens.

The workers of justice bodies and courts carried out the legal propaganda among the population. Judges, notaries, lawyers, lawyers-scientists spoke. The Ministry of Justice also used this form of work, such as the analysis of the thematic focus and content of legal publications on the pages of national newspapers and the introduction of relevant proposals to strengthen their activities.

Increasing the effectiveness of the institutions of justice and courts largely depended on the conditions of their work and material and technical support. These institutions brought considerable revenue to local budgets, and local authorities did not provide funds for their maintenance, only a small amount of money was allocated from the Republican Budget. Many courts, notary offices and registrar offices were located in emergency or unsuitable premises. There was not enough paper, typewriters, office equipment, furniture, etc., and the number of states was almost half the normative.

In 1991 people of Uzbekistan gained state independence. Its historical significance lies, first of all, in consolidation of the commitment to human rights and principles of state independence, sets the task of creating a humane democratic rule of law.

Main dates on development of the history of the Ministry of Justice:

January 8, 1992 – in accordance with the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan № PP–314 the Ministry of Justice of the independent Republic of Uzbekistan was established.

November 12, 1992 – in accordance with the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers № 523 Regulation on the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan was approved.

June 17, 1993 – in accordance with the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers № 294 Unit of state registration of departmental normative acts was established within the structure of the Ministry of Justice.

January 24, 1994 - in accordance with the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. 27, Department on preparation and legal expertise of regulatory acts and legislation on economic reforms was established within the structure of the Ministry of Justice.

January 24, 1994 - in accordance with the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. 27, the structure of the Central Office of the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan was amended accordingly, and the Office for Coordination of Legal Policy and International Legal Relations was created on the basis of Legal Policy Coordination and Legal Advocacy Departments.

March 22, 1994 - the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan No.153 approved the Regulation "On State Registration of Legal Associations".

May 13, 1994 – in accordance with the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers № 257 International Legal Department was established within the structure of the Ministry of Justice.

July 21, 1994 – In accordance with the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers № 364 Center of professional development of lawyers was formed under the Ministry of Justice

April 27, 1995 - in accordance with the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On improving the activities of the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan and changes in the structure of its apparatus", the Department for Supervision over the Execution of Legislation for the Observance of the Rights of Entrepreneurs and Owners of Private Property was established within the Department of Training and Legal Expertise of Regulatory Acts and Legislation on Economic Reforms.

August 23, 1995 - the magazine "Huquq va Burch" (Right and Duty) as well as the legal newspaper "Inson va Qonun" (Human and Law) were registered by the State Press Committee.

July 10, 1997 – in accordance with the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers № 345 Department on consideration of applications and complaints of citizens on violations of law was established in the structure of the Ministry of Justice

October 9, 1997 – in accordance with the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers № 469 Department on state registration of departmental normative acts was established within the structure of the Ministry of Justice

February 24, 1998 – in accordance with the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers № 77 Tashkent Law College was established within the structure of the Ministry of Justice and, since August 27, 2003, it was included in the structure of the Ministry of Justice.

April 24, 1998 - in accordance with the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On measures to ensure the implementation of the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan” of March 4, 1998 No. PP-1938, "On strengthening the responsibility of officials for economic insolvency of economic entities and the performance of contractual obligations" Department on monitoring the implementation of contractual obligations by business entities was established in the structure of the Ministry of Justice.

February 12, 1999 — with the adoption of the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers “On measures to strengthen the Executive discipline” №12, as well as for the organization of further effective and high-quality office work in the ministry, and strengthen the Executive discipline Protocol of the meeting of the Board of the Ministry of Justice dated January 25, 1999 №1 Organizational control and analytical Department was established under Ministry of Justice.

August 5, 2000 - in accordance with the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. 304, in order to improve the legal culture of the population, ensure broad access of individuals and legal entities to legal acts, improve the system of providing the society with legal information and organize the stage-by-stage codification of current legislative acts in the central office, Department on systematization of legislation and legal information was established within the structure of the Ministry of Justice.

September 22, 2001 - in accordance with the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. 383, the Department for Organizational, Material and Technical Support of Courts under the Ministry of Justice was reorganized as the Department for Enforcement of Judicial Decisions, Material and Technical and Financial Support of the Activities of Courts under the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

May 2, 2003 - in accordance with the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On Additional Measures to Strengthen Legal Protection of Foreign Direct Investments" No. 205 the Ministry of Justice was entrusted with providing legal protection for foreign investors and enterprises with foreign investments.

August 27, 2003 – in accordance with the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers №370 Regulation on the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan was approved.

August 27, 2003 - in accordance with the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan of August 27, 2003 №370 and also the order of the Minister of Justice dated September 29, 2003 No. 237, the Department for Preparation and Legal Expertise of Regulatory Acts and Legislation on Economic Reforms was transformed into the Department of Economic Legislation, and Department of legal policy and educational institutions into the Department of Legal Propaganda and Legal Education.

February 24, 2004 - by the Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. 112-p, Interdepartmental Working Group was established to study observance of human rights by law enforcement agencies and the Minister of Justice is appointed as a head of this group.

September 28, 2005 - the Memorandum on Cooperation in the Sphere of Ensuring, Protecting and Observing Human Rights and Freedoms was signed between the Authorized Person of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan for Human Rights (Ombudsman) and the Ministry of Justice, which is the basis for joint work.

December 15, 2005 - by the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. PP-237, the Ministry of Justice established the Center for monitoring the implementation of normative legal acts, the director of the center is determined as a Deputy Minister of Justice.

October 27, 2008 – in order to increase the effectiveness of activities to protect human rights, coordinate the relationship between agencies involved in this field, the Agreement on Cooperation in the Sphere of Ensuring the Protection of Human Rights was signed between the Prosecutor General's Office, the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Ministry of Justice.

December 31, 2009 - in accordance with the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On measures to ensure broad access to the national base of legislation of the Republic of Uzbekistan" No. 340 since January 1, 2010 free use of the national base of legislation for all users has been established.

December 15, 2010 – in accordance with the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers № 299 Council on forensic issues was established under the Ministry of Justice.

June 17, 2011 - in accordance with the Resolution of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On Measures to Further Enhance the Role of Justice Agencies in the Sphere of Ensuring Legality in the Activities of State Bodies" No. UP-1555, the Center for Monitoring the Implementation of Legal Acts under the Ministry of Justice has been transformed into the General Directorate for Supervision over compliance with legislation; its territorial departments are also organized. By the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan of July 24, 2014 "On Measures for Further Improvement of the Enforcement of Legislation" No.-PP-4636, the Main Department of the Ministry of Justice for Supervision of Compliance with Legislation and its territorial departments were liquidated.

August 23, 2011 – in accordance with the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan № PP–1602 "On measures of further improvement of the activity of the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan" Regulation on the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan was approved.

March 28, 2012 – in accordance with the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers № 87 new structure - Lawyer’s Training Center was approved.

July 12, 2012 – Charter of the Lawyer’s Training Center was approved.

November 14, 2012 – in accordance with the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers № 321 Program of development of the Republican Center of Forensic Examination named after H.Sulaymanova under the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan was approved.

May 15, 2015 – in accordance with the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan № PP-4725 Ministry of Justice was assigned with the task of coordination, control and methodological assistance of "one window" centers with the preservation of the existing maximum number of employees of the bodies of justice. The Office for Coordination and Development of Public Services of the Ministry and its territorial departments have been established.

April 13, 2017 – in accordance with the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers № 206 the territorial departments of the Center of forensics and Training center for advanced training of forensic experts were established.

December 12, 2017 – in accordance with the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan № PP-5278 Public Services Agency was established under the Ministry of Justice.

December 12, 2017 – in accordance with the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan № PP-3430 the structure of the Central Office of the Public Services Agency under the Ministry of Justice was approved.

January 31, 2018 – in accordance with the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers № 70, Regulation on Public Services Agency under the Ministry of Justice was approved.

April 13, 2018 – Resolution of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan № UP-5415 “On measures of fundamental improvement of the activities of bodies and institutions of justice in the implementation of state legal policy” was adopted

April 13, 2018 – Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan № PP-3666  "On organizational measures of further improvement of the activities of the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan" was adopted. 

June 11, 2018 – Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers № 442."On measures to organize the activities of the Research Institute on Legal Policy under the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan" was adopted.

July 24, 2018 – Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers № 573 approved the Regulation on admission of graduates of law colleges of the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan to the bachelor's degree of Tashkent State University of Law.

October 23, 2018 – in accordance with the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers No. 858 Regulation on the procedure for admission to law colleges of the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan was approved

January 9, 2019 – in accordance with the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan № PP-5618, the Ministry of Justice is designated as a coordinating state body in increasing legal awareness and legal culture in society.

February 8, 2019 – in accordance with the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan № PP-4168 the Agency on intellectual property was transferred to the system of the Ministry of Justice.

Ministry of Justice is a pubic administration body responsible for the overall administration and coordination of the activities of justice bodies and institutions.

The Ministry reports to the Cabinet of Ministers, and on certain issues of its activity, directly to the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

The Ministry is headed by a Minister, who is approved and dismissed by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan on a proposal of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan. A Minister by his status is a member of the Cabinet of Ministers.

Central Office of the Ministry, Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, territorial departments of justice, district (city) units of justice are law enforcement bodies.

Bodies and institutions of justice are independent of local authorities and directly report to the Ministry.

The main and most important task of the Ministry of Justice is to ensure the implementation of a single state policy in the field of lawmaking and law enforcement practice.

In the system of the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan there are: the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, regional administrations of departments of justice and Department of justice of the Tashkent city, institution of notaries, Civil Status Registry Offices, Republican Center of Forensic Examination named after H.Sulaymanova, Lawyer’s Training Center, Tashkent State University of Law, Tashkent Law Colleges, Academic Lyceum, Publishing House “Adolat”, as well as the Center for Legal Informatization.

  Ministers of Justice, who headed the Ministry in different periods:

   

Vasikova Mamlakat

Sobirovna

(1970-1984)

Burihodjayev Naman

(1984-1985)



Alimdjanov Bahodir

Gulamovich


(1985-1990)

Malikov Muhamed-Babir 

Madjitovich

(1991-1993)



Mardiyev Alisher

Mardiyevichч

(1993-1995)

Mirsafoev Sirojiddin

(1995-2000)



Polvon-zoda Abdusamat

Abdukhamidovich 

(2000-2005)

Mustafayev Buritosh

Mustafayevich

(2005-2006)



Otahonov Foziljon

Haydarovich

(2006-2007)

Muhitdinov Ravshan Abdulatifovich

(2007-2011)




Yoldoshev Nigmatilla

Tulkinovich

(2011-2015)

Ikramov Muzraf

Muborakhodjaevich

(2015-2017)